According to an Irish legend, the Celtic cross was initially introduced by Saint Patrick. Historians now believe that the origin was derived from carrying a victor’s wreath around the intersection of the cross. During the eighth century, the practice of erecting stone crosses as monuments became popular, but eventually the demand for them diminished. A Celtic Revival during the mid-19th century led to the increased use of the crosses in Ireland and spread in popularity to Victorian Dublin in the1860s. The Celtic cross is typically used as a grave marker, although it can be seen on T-shirts, jewelry and other promotional items.
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